The history of the water supply and wastewater disposal utilities of Moscow covers a considerable period: the wastewater disposal and treatment system of Moscow is more than 115 years old, while the water supply system of the city is 210 years old already. The history of our company, specialized in designing water supply and wastewater disposal and treatment facilities, begins in August, 19, 1939.
ВIn 1939 it was decided to establish a single powerful structure for the designing of water supply and wastewater disposal and treatment facilities of Moscow named “Mosvodokanalproject” Trust. It was established within the system of the Moscow Water Supply and Wastewater Disposal Administration on the basis of four trusts: “Mosvodoprovod”, “Mosochistvod”, “Mosvodstroy” and “Mosstroykanalyzatsiya” and the “Design Office for Designing the North Water Treatment Plant in Moscow”.
“Mosvodokanalproject” Trust consisted of Environmental Water Treatment Technology Department, Wastewater Treatment Technology Department, Architectural and Engineering Department, Electro-Technical Department, etc.
In 1951 the Executive Committee of the Moscow City Council of Working People’s Deputies made a resolution to rename “Mosvodokanalproject” Trust into “Mosvodokanalproject” Design Office. In 1958 the Design Office was reorganized and it received the name of “Mosvodokanalproject” Design Institute of the Water Supply and Wastewater Disposal Administration of Moscow”. The integration of several design offices proved to be quite expedient – the entire subsequent design activity of the Institute aimed at the implementation of Moscow Development Master Plans and the realization of the tasks set by the leadership of the city and by the Water Supply and Wastewater Disposal and Treatment Administration of Moscow was of high quality and was carried out in minimum time periods. During the first thirty years, the following facilities were designed and put in operation in Moscow: North Water Treatment Plant, West Water Treatment Plant, Kouryanovskaya Wastewater Treatment Plant, Luberetskaya Wastewater Treatment Plant, Zelenogradskaya Wastewater Treatment Plant, different waterworks facilities located in various districts of Moscow and large wastewater pumping stations. Apart from that, the following projects were developed at that time: the project of ozonation plant for the East Water Treatment Plant in Moscow, the project of automatic control system for the water supply network of Moscow and the project of industrial water supply system. The designing and construction of the New Kouryanovskaya Wastewater Treatment Plant, New Luberetskaya Wastewater Treatment Plant and the New West Water Treatment Plant began in the same period.
The specialists of the Water Supply and Wastewater Disposal and Treatment Administration of Moscow participated in the discussions of engineering approaches to be accepted and supported the approval of the Institute’s projects. The technological approaches and structural concepts developed by the Institute for the water and wastewater treatment facilities of Moscow were fully at the world level of treatment technology development at every stage of construction.
In 1968 on the basis of the Resolution of the Council of Ministers of the Russian Soviet Federative Republic N 70-p of 18.01.1968, the Executive Committee of the Moscow City Council of Working People’s Deputies made a Resolution N5/27 of 13.02.1968 “Concerning the Conversion of “Mosvodokanalproject” Design Institute into “MosvodokanalNIIproject” Research, Design and Exploratory Institute and the Establishing of Two Laboratories: Potable Water Treatment Laboratory and Wastewater and Sludge Treatment Laboratory on the Basis of Two Research Laboratories of “Mosvodoprovod” Trust and “Mosochistvod” Trust”.
The subjects of research work were diversified and included the following aspects: systematic monitoring of toxic substances concentrations in water sources and predicting the quality of water in these sources; development of methods for environmental water treatment (ozonation, application of filter and sorption materials, preliminary aeration and stabilization); improvement of wastewater and sludge treatment technologies; improving the design of treatment facilities, etc.
Based on recommendations given by the research divisions of the Institute, our designers enhanced the release of project documentation for the construction of local treatment facilities for the treatment of industrial wastewater of a high concentration of fatty substances or biologically non-oxidizable toxic substances and the wastewater produced by electroplating industry. A new department for designing the treatment facilities for petroleum-containing industrial wastewater and storm-water was established in the Institute. Among the important results of its work was the designing of group facilities for combined industrial wastewater and storm water treatment. In 1980s – 1990s the Institute carried out important design work aimed at the reconstruction and improvement of the treatment capacities of the Roublevskaya, the East, the North and the West Water Treatment Plants as well as the Luberetskaya, the Kouryanovskaya and the Zelenogradskaya Wastewater Treatment Plants of Moscow, including pumping stations and other facilities for water supply and wastewater disposal and treatment networks.
In 1991, in accordance with the Resolution of the Moscow Government of 30.07.1991, the Institute was included in the structure of the Moscow Engineering Committee of the Moscow Government.
Traditionally, the research activity was aimed mainly at solving the problems of improving the quality of water in the water sources of Moscow, as well as improving the quality of technological processes and facilities for environmental water, wastewater, surface run-off and sludge treatment.
The institute also started to develop workstation-based process control systems for the water supply and wastewater disposal and treatment enterprises of Moscow. Subsequently, they were used as the basis for the development of automatic process control systems for the water and wastewater treatment plants and other municipal facilities in Moscow and other Russian cities.
The Institute has developed large-scale scientific and technical programs and projects of the water economy development Master Plans both at regional and municipal levels. Among the most important ones, are the Master Plans of water supply and wastewater disposal and treatment development in Moscow and a Special-Purpose Complex Program entitled “The Economy and Expedient Usage of Water Resources in the City of Moscow and Improving the Reliability of its Water Supply for the period till the Year 2010”. The Institute was the head developer of the Program while some relevant institutes of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the Ministry of Natural Resources of the Russian Federation as well as some other agencies of the water sector also took part in this work.
The Institute continued to solve the problems of the engineering support of the municipal economy sector in Moscow, in other cities of the Moscow Region and Russia, as well as in some foreign cities. At the beginning of 1990-s the Institute was assigned to develop (as a chief designer) the project documentation for the establishment of a solid domestic waste management system in Moscow. With this end in view the Institute organized a special department for designing solid domestic waste processing facilities and some leading specialists of the sector joined the staff of our company.
In 1998, based on the instruction of the Moscow Property Management Committee N 1559-p of 01.06.1998, and in accordance with the Resolution of the Moscow Government N 908 of 31.10.1995 “Concerning the Establishment, Reorganization and Elimination of State-Owned and Municipal Enterprises of Moscow…”, the Department of Housing and Public Utility Sector and the Department of Municipal Ordering published their joint Order N 5-32/7ж, N 55-67/7з of 24.03.1997 resolving to give the Institute the name of “MosvodokanalNIIproject” State Unitary Enterprise.
Our projects of the fourth train of treatment facilities of Roublevskaya WTP of 240 000 m3 per day treatment capacity and the South-West WTP of 250 000 m3 per day treatment capacity are definitely the projects of the XXI century. These facilities have been put in operation. The classic technology consisting of settling, filtration, and disinfection is supplemented with ozonation and granular activated carbon sorption; the Muscovites have already tried the taste of this water. The South-West WTP of 250 000 m3 per day treatment capacity was put in operation in December, 2006.
This is the only Russian WTP and the largest European WTP that uses membrane technologies. Its special feature is the complex use of classic technology plus progressive water treatment methods – ozonation, sorption and membrane filtration with ultra-filtration modules.
Our contribution to the development of the wastewater disposal and treatment system of Moscow comprises the projects of all wastewater treatment facilities in Moscow – Luberetsky WWTP, Kouryanovsky WWTP, South-Bootovo WWTP and Zelenogradsky WWTP.
Upon our projects the plants for advanced nutrient removal and treated wastewater ultraviolet disinfection have been constructed for the Luberetsky wastewater treatment facilities. For the first time in Russia and abroad, our projects envisage wastewater disinfection amounting to 1 million m3 per day. The quality of water thus treated fully meets the requirements established by Russian and West-European quality standards and is safely returned into natural environment.
In 2001 based on the Instruction N 3359-p of 06.08.2001, in accordance with the Resolution of the Moscow Government N 542 of 15.06.1999 “Concerning the Establishment, Reorganization and Elimination of State-Owned and Municipal Unitary Enterprises and Agencies”, the Institute was given the name of “MosvodokanalNIIproject Institute” State Unitary Enterprise of the City of Moscow.
The Institute has developed a long-term program for the rehabilitation and improvement of small rivers and water bodies, which is approved by the Government of Moscow. Water bodies located on urban territory are an inseparable part of a city-building and natural complex. The Institute has also developed the Master Plan for snow removal from the highways of Moscow. For snow melting, various sources of heat energy are used: the heat of wastewater in urban wastewater disposal system, wastewater produced by thermal power stations and different types of fuel.
In 2010, based on the Instruction N 3191-p of 26.10.2009, in accordance with the Resolution of the Moscow Government N 578-ПП of 02.08.2005, “MosvodokanalNIIproject Institute” State Unitary Enterprise of the City of Moscow was reorganized into “MosvodokanalNIIproject Institute” Joint Stock Company.
Today the personnel of “MosvodokanalNIIproject” comprise over 200 skilled specialists. Mostly these specialists have higher professional education, multi-year professional experience, academic degrees and ranks. One third of our employees are young graduated specialists. The high quality of our design and cost-estimating documentation, as well as an increase in our labor productivity are provided by virtually complete transfer to paperless technologies for design documentation issuing. The volume of our project documentation in electronic format amounts to 98 per cent.